The Mayan 2012 End Of The World Calender Predictions
Who or what is the Maya in the first place. The term that is “Maya” is as nebulous of a group of people as are the Europeans, the Asians or the Americans. Technically, the Maya is referred to a wide range of Mayan people, both ancient as well as modern, whose cultural heritage extends out to around 30 different Mayan languages.
Their territory which they are native to geographically is southern Mexico, specifically the Chiapas and the Yucatan Peninsula. They also extend to Belize, Honduras, Guatemala, and western El Salvador. Although it’s unknown what languages were actually spoken, archaeologists have traced the origins of the original Maya culture back as far as 3000 years, this based on the continuities in pottery styles of that time, and the architecture as well as the burials along with other features.
Contrary to popular modern belief, the descendants of the ancient Mayans never really disappeared off the earth or “went away.” In fact, there’s likely more Mayan dialects today than at any time in their history, counting around six million combined.
During what’s now known as the “Classic Period” which was around 200 to 900 AD, the ancient Mayans were organized into polities which were similar to the ancient Greek cities and states, which also included rivalries between two main principles, known as Tikal and Calakmul, which was as fierce as the Athens and Sparta.
What’s known as the “Ancient Maya” were never really unified under a common government or any religious system. They were organized as different states where their ideologies differed and were modified according to the various needs of the individual rulers.
The beliefs as well as the traditions of the different Maya settlements also varied enormously, this resulting in knowing what the true Maya belief system was.
The Maya Long Count Calendar And 2012… Yikes It’s Here
The ancient Mayans tracked their time according to increasingly larger cycles. How they were able to do this has been analyzed and now understood in complete detail since the late 19th century. This is when an American researcher, Joseph T. Goodman deciphered the complicated system of the Maya Long Count calendar.
He published his findings over a 100 years ago in 1897, describing the “Long Count” calender system which focused on a “count of days” which was based on several units or on periods of increasingly larger size.
For instance: the k’in represents 1 day, the winal represents 20 days, tun represents 360 days, the k’atun represents 7200 days, and the bak’tun representing 144,000 days.
The ancient Maya were able to keep track of time by using this system, which was also combined with the additional counts of 260 days, know as the tzolk’in, and 365 days known as the haab, all to produce the Long Count dates.
Joesph T. Goodman believed that there was also a yet larger “Great Cycle” which combined of 13 bak’tuns or 1,872,000 days, which determined that the start of the current “Great Cycle” originated on 188.8.131.52.0 4.
Later, scholars have proven that this was an extremely sacred “Creation” date for the ancient Maya. The Maya referred directly to it in their mythology as the birth of the present world that we live in.
The Gregorian equivalent date is August 11, 3113 BCE, with each day clicking another unit towards the count. According to those who supported Goodman’s theory of a 13-bak’tun “Great Cycle,” then the current period should then conclude on 184.108.40.206.0 4 Ajaw 3 K’ank’in. So the Gregorian equivalent falls on, you know it, December 21, 2012. It could also possibly be December 23, or somewhere close to that date.
It’s vitally important to keep in mind that all calendars are extremely complicated to track. One second that’s lost over centuries can easily turn into days or even weeks.
Using the familiar Gregorian calendar system, which is currently used in the majority of countries today with a heavy Western influence, is one which carries a legacy of many significant changes, some which originated with the Roman calendar, with modifications made under Pope Gregory XIII, who was the head of the Roman Catholic church and whom the calendar is named after.
Does The Mayan Calendar Really End On December 21, 2012?
No, not exactly. It’s not clear that 12/21/2012 even represents the end of the 13-bak’tun cycle. Goodman’s theory a century ago was based on that the current 13-bak’tun Great Cycle was the 54th, and stated there may be an even larger Grand Era, which was comprised of 73 Great Cycles.
However, there are ancient Maya date keepers who appeared to have favored counts in 20-bak’tun cycles. The Maya calendar doesn’t end with a 13-bak’tun or a 20-bak’tun count. The Mayans projected the dates further into the future.
For example, one of the inscriptions predict that the true anniversary of the coronation of K’inich Janaab’ Pakal, who was a 7th century Maya king, will still be celebrated on 4772AD.
Epigrapher’s has also pointed out that there are other Maya dates which project yet further into the future, this more than any current modern astronomers has been able to project backwards to the origin of the universe, which is some 13.7 billion years ago.
Scholars and skeptics are currently divided in regards to whether the correct Gregorian correlation is really December 21 or December 23, 2012, or it could be some other date.
December 21, 2012 has been popular for most of the interpretations since it happens to fall directly on a solstice, which is the beginning of winter in the northern hemisphere, while being summer in the southern hemisphere. Whether this was intentional or just a coincidence remains an outstanding matter of debate.
The Origins Of The Latest Claims Of The End Of The World
Shortly after the publication of Goodman’s work, there were others who immediately interpreted the symbols as well as the images on the final page of a pre-Hispanic Maya book which was called the Dresden Codex.
This was used as references towards the end of the world as we know it from cataclysmic flooding which they interpreted as being the “destruction of the world, or the “the end of the world.”
These ideals were adopted and repeated by American archaeologists in a 1915 book which was based on ancient Maya hieroglyphic writing. It also referenced the last page of the Mayan book as the “Destruction of the World” in the form of a Great Flood.
These comments were also later repeated in Sylvanus Morley’s book, The Ancient Maya, which was published in 1946. The Mayans however seem to disagree about these interpretations, as some are suggesting that all the image represents is the just the arrival of the annual rainy season, and not a cataclysmic flood.
There are others who believe there is evidence based on ancient beliefs that there are cyclical periods of destruction. They have associated the completion of the current 13th bak’tun with “Armageddon,” which is a direct reference from Christian beliefs which are expressed in the New Testament, specifically in the Book of Revelation.
There’s mounting belief that there will be a final and potentially world destroying battle which is associated with the Second Coming. And based on the Aztec beliefs, the current world would be destroyed and devastated by a series of earthquakes.
Reasons Why The “2012 Doomsday” Is Most Likely Bunk
These types of doomsday prophecies has always been around and plays a big part of Western culture, this for at least the past 2500 years, and the planet earth is still clicking along just fine.
Those promoters who are pushing the 2012 Dooms Day mythology all are simply ignoring the current academic scholarship as well as the opinions of professional Mayan archaeologists, historians, and linguists, regarding what the ancient Mayans actually believed.
The majority of the interpretations are based on antiquated ideas of centuries ago. Ideas which set the ground work for the creating of mythology and the ideology, but they don’t reflect all of the contemporary academic research and knowledge.
The current mainstream scientists and scholars view this movement as the source of ignorance and incorrect thinking since it focuses on subjective or selective knowledge rather than objective knowledge.
Takes tin foil hat off.